Fronimo Quickstart Tutorial
By Kemer Thomson

Changing Things

There are three classes of changes: modifying existing notes, deleting things (notes or entire measures) and adding things (again, notes or entire measures). As a special case to the latter, I'll also mention adding things like ornaments, slurs, and other things that don't really impact the music itself.

Changes

As I wrote in the last section, basic changes to notes is just a matter of retyping them. Typed a "c" instead of a "d"? Simply position the cursor to wrong note and type what it should be; remember that you can use both mouse and arrow keys to position the cursor.

Changing the duration is a matter of positioning to the the duration flag and changing it. However, there are some "side effects" to watch out for:

  • When you change a duration, Fronimo does so blindly, even if it "unbalances" the measure. It is up to you to make additional changes to "balance" things out by changing other durations or adding and deleting notes.
  • When you change a duration, that same change applies to all "unmarked" notes that follow it:

Duration Change

If you want to get a flag over every column first to avoid this, use the Edit->Rebeam Notes, but be aware that it will change the entire section.

Moving Things Around

If you have put a note on the wrong string, or duration flag in the wrong column, it is quite easy to move. With the cursor on the note or flag, hold down the <Ctrl> key and use the arrow keys to move it. Be aware that if this action leaves a column empty, that column disappears, and you can't move back into it! (You can always create a space—see below—then move back into it.) Likewise, if you move a bourdon up, which really doesn't make sense, it simply disappears.

Deleting Things

There is a subtle difference between "erasing" and "deleting". "Erasing" a note or duration, which is caused by typing the <spacebar> at that position, removes just that entity. However, depending on the situation, Fronimo may have to respond to that change:

  • If you erase a note or duration flag in a column for which there is no other note or duration flag, that column disappears, possibly leaving the measure unbalanced.
  • If you erase the duration flag in a column the notes below it assume the duration value of the note preceeding column, again possibly leaving the measure unbalanced.

An entire column, consisting of the duration flag and all notes, is deleted by the <Delete> key. Not only will this potentially unbalance the measure, and unmarked durations that follow will "inherit" the duration value from the preceeding note.

You can delete an entire measure by clicking on Delete Measure Delete Measure on the toolbar. Likewise, you can delete a barline, by clicking on Join Measure Join Measure.

I haven't talked about some of the other things you can add, such as ornaments, fingering, and slurs. In each case there is an associated window that includes a button to delete them: Delete

Adding Things

Adding Notes

You can always add notes to the end of a measure. Position the cursor to the last position and move it right and enter your note(s) and duration(s). You can keep adding as many notes as you want to, even if it "unbalances" the measure.

You have to open up space t o add notes at the start or middle of a measure. You do this using the <Insert> key: <Insert> opens a column before the cursor, shift-<Insert> opens a space after the cursor. If this doesn't work for you, check to see if your keyboard has an <F Lock> key.

Adding Measures

There are direct and indirect ways to add measures. First of all, you can always add more to the end of the section, terminating the measure with <Enter>. The Add Measure menu button Add Measure adds a measure before the measure you are in. The Split Measure menu button Split Measure indirectly adds a measure by splitting the one you are in; the new measure line appears to the left of the currently selected position.

Changing Barlines

EndingsThere are a variety of barlines. To get to these you want the Endings tab of the Measure Attributes window: get to this by clicking on the Measure Attributes menu button and selecting the Endings tab. If you want to turn the barline at the end of the current measure to a double line, click on that button, etc.

How to get the Flourish at the End

If you want to end the piece with the flourish in the Measure Attributes window do not terminate the measure. (In fact, you shouldn't ever terminate the final measure to avoid right alignment problems.) Instead, click on the measure ending you want and then click on the Flourish. This will give you the "classic" end: Flourish

Adding Ornaments, Fingering and Slurs

There are a number of useful modifications that are associated with individual notes that are accessed through the Note Attributes window, which can be accessed by selecting the menu icon Note Attributes:

Ornaments

Ornaments

You can place only one ornament on a note. Select the note and click on the icon for the ornament you want. You can change the position of the ornament by clicking on the Switch sides button. You can delete the ornament by clicking on Delete.

If a note needs both an ornament and a séparé Separe, draw the séparé using the Slurs window.

Fingering

Fingering

Fingering works a little differently from adding ornaments: you select the fingering, then click on the notes you want to annotate. When you select a buton for the left hand fingering and hold down the left mouse button the cursor turns into a "+"; position the + where you want the number to go and release to place the numeral. For right hand fingering, select the appropriate fingering button, then click on the note that you want to apply it to and the mark will be added in a fixed position below.

Slurs

Slurs

Slurs are used for not only slurs, but barres, other brackets and lines. Because these are associated with note positions, when the music is reformatted they are correctly re-positioned. As mentioned earlier, you can set the staff attributes so that you get "fatter" slurs that look more elegant.

Next Step: Playing the Score